Treating ADHD requires a multi-modal approach. For many with ADHD, medication is an important part of treatment. Behavior management is also crucial. Without specialized interventions, most individuals with ADHD find it very difficult to meet academic and behavioral expectations. Treating ADHD requires medical, psychological and educational intervention, and behavior management techniques. It requires the coordinated efforts of a team of health care professionals, educators and parents. Parents often play the critical role of coordinating the array of services and programs.
Parent training, behavior management techniques, specially designed educational interventions -- all are designed to help the child with ADHD adapt to his or her disability and succeed in the school and home and with peers. Once the child, parents, and teachers understand that the child has a neurobiologically based disability, frustration with poor performance lessens. The focus becomes adaptation and the goal becomes increasing performance.
Behavior management is an important intervention with children who have ADHD. The most important technique is positive reinforcement, in which the child is provided a rewarding response after a particular desired behavior is demonstrated. Parents, teachers and therapists work to create an environment that maximizes the child's probability of success.
Classroom success may require a range of interventions. Most children can be taught in the regular classroom with either minor adjustments to the classroom setting, the addition of support personnel, and/or "pull-out" programs that provide special services outside of the classroom. The most severely affected may require self-contained classrooms.